Hurricane Matthew was one of the biggest storms recorded in the region and has caused the biggest humanitarian emergency in Haiti since the earthquake 6 years ago. 1.4m people or 12% of Haiti's population need humanitarian assistance now. More than 2m people have been affected. Around three-quarters of a million people need food aid now.
There are parts of the country that are still inaccessible by road, because of damage. Oxfam is concerned that hunger and malnutrition will start to be serious issues in some parts of the southern peninsula. We are especially worried about cholera and that a renewed outbreak could spread quickly, because water infrastructure has been so damaged and people are now exposed to dirty and contaminated water. There have been more than one hundred new cases of suspected cholera, and six cholera treatments centres were hit by the storm. They need urgent repair before they can start being used
again to treat people.
More than 170,000 people have been forced into 224 temporary camps. Many more people are living in damaged homes.
Lost harvests and continued flooding make those most affected vulnerable to a food and health crisis that needs to be prevented. Haiti's West department (including the capital Port-au-Prince) is considered highly vulnerable due to its population density and high levels of poverty.