Call for massive aid effort and a 'cholera ceasefire'
Yemen is in the grip of a runaway cholera epidemic that is killing one person nearly every hour and if not contained will threaten the lives of thousands of people in the coming months said international agency Oxfam today. The agency is calling for a massive aid effort and an immediate ceasefire to allow health and aid workers tackle the outbreak.
According to the World Health Organisation in the five weeks between 27 April and 3 June some 676 people died of the disease and over 86,000 were suspected of having the disease. Last week the rate jump to 2,777 suspected cases a day from 2,529 a day during the previous week. Given Yemen's neglected medical reporting system and the widespread nature of the epidemic these official figures are likely to be under reporting the full scale of the crisis.
In the coming months there could be up to 150,000 cases of cholera, with some predictions as high as 300,000 cases.
The cholera crisis comes on top of two years of brutal war which has decimated the health, water and sanitation systems, severely restricted the essential imports the country is dependent upon and left millions of people one step away from famine.
Sajjad Mohammed Sajid Oxfam's Yemen Country Director said:
"Yemen is on the edge of an abyss. Lives hang in the balance. Two years of war has plunged the country into one of the world's worst humanitarian crises and at the risk of famine. Now it is at the mercy of a deadly and rapidly spreading cholera epidemic. Cholera is simple to treat and prevent but while the fighting continues the task is made doubly difficult. A massive aid effort is needed now. Those backers of this war in Western and Middle Eastern capitals need to put pressure on parties to the fighting to agree a ceasefire to allow public health and aid workers to get on with
Oxfam said that the outbreak is set to be one of the worst this century if there is not a massive and immediate effort to bring it under control. It is calling on rich countries and international agencies to generously deliver on promises of $1.2bn of aid they made last month.
Money, essential supplies and technical support are needed to strengthen Yemen's embattled health, water and sanitation services. Health workers and water engineers have not been paid for months while hospitals, health centres, public water systems have been destroyed and starved of key items, such as medical supplies, chlorine and fuel. Even basic supplies such as intravenous fluids, oral rehydration salts and soap are urgently needed to enable an effective, speedy response - some of which will have to be flown into the country. Communities also need to be supported with their
efforts to prevent the disease spreading and quickly treat people showing the first signs of infection.
Running an effective nationwide cholera response cannot succeed while the country is at war and Oxfam is calling on all parties to the fighting to agree a 'cholera ceasefire' to allow health and aid workers to get on with the task.
Notes to Editors:
Cholera is easily prevented with simple and affordable efforts at home and in the community, such as disinfection of water with chlorine, safe collection and storage of water, washing hands with soap, and understanding the myths, behaviours associated with cholera. When people suspect they have the symptoms they can drink a mix salt and sugar to rehydrate them while they make their way to the medical centre.