After over ten years out of the country, Oxfam returned to Iraq in 2014 as a result of the renewed conflict, working through partners to support women's rights and livelihoods. Conflict has affected northern Iraq for many years. Sexual violence, including rape, sexual slavery, trafficking and child marriage, is often used as weapon of war exacerbating women and girls' vulnerability. As with many conflicts, women and girls are amongst the most affected, with reports showing 46% of girls aged 10 to 14 have been exposed to violence by a family member at least once in the month
prior to being surveyed. Many health and social services desperately lack funding and government support, which means that those who experience violence cannot obtain the health or psychological support they require after these traumatic events. To make matters worse, survivors of sexual violence often face stigma within their families and communities. They can be cut off from accessing work, unable to marry and may even be killed due to the shame on their families, in what is widely known as "honour killings".