Key elements of global citizenship


What skills, knowledge and values are necessary for a young person to become an active global citizen? 

Oxfam identifies the following, but you and your pupils might find that there are other areas of knowledge they would like to explore, other skills they need to acquire and other values they want to examine.

In a changing world, we need to be flexible and thoughtful about how to educate for global citizenship.

Knowledge and understanding

Social justice and equity


Globalisation and interdependence

Sustainable development

Peace and conflict


Critical thinking

Ability to argue effectively

Ability to challenge injustice and inequalities

Respect for people and things

Co-operation and conflict resolution

Values and attitudes

Sense of identity and self esteem


Commitment to social justice and equity

Value and respect for diversity

Concern for the environment and commitment to sustainable development

Belief that people can make a difference

Oxfam suggests a Learn-Think-Act process to help structure global citizenship activities, and give young people the opportunity to learn about issues, think critically about how to solve them and act as a responsible global citizen.

Find out more about our unique Learn-Think-Act approach to global citizenship

Global citizenship is not an additional subject - it is an ethos. It can best be implemented through a whole-school approach, involving everyone from pupils themselves to the wider community.

It can also be promoted in class through teaching the existing curriculum in a way that highlights aspects such as social justice, the appreciation of diversity and the importance of sustainable development.

Find out more about implementing a whole school approach to active global citizenship