Very Reverend Alexander Carlyle DD FRSE (26 January 1722—28 August 1805) was a Scottish church leader, and autobiographer.
His striking personal appearance (ruddy complexion) earned him the nickname of Jupiter Carlyle. His autobiography, which was ed. by Hill Burton, and published 1860, though written in his closing years and not extending beyond the year 1770, is interesting as a picture of Scottish life, social and ecclesiastical, in the 18th century. Carlyle's autobiography recalled the Porteous Riots of 1736, and his friendship with Adam Smith, David Hume, Charles Townshend and John Home, the dramatist, for witnessing the performance of whose tragedy Douglas he was censured in 1757. He was also a member of The Select Society and of The Poker Club.
He was a founder member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in November 1783.
He is buried in Inveresk churchyard.
VG rough cut pages, wear to edges and boards.