About Oxfam's Inequality World Cup scoring system
Income inequality (the Palma Ratio)
We know that the rich have more money than the poor, but how much more? The Palma looks at the income of two different groups; the richest 10% of people in the country and the poorest 40%. The Palma ratio compares the share of income earned by these two groups. A value of 1, for example, means that the richest 10% of people earn the same amount of money as the poorest 40%, four times as many people, higher values indicate even more unequal incomes. Belgium has the lowest Palma score of all the World Cup countries at 0.9, whilst Honduras have the highest score at 5.2. The Palma has been calculated using the most up-to-date data available on income shares for each country from the World Bank and the OECD (2005-2011 and 1995 for Algeria).
Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators. OECD Income Distribution Database, Version September 2013. Retrieved May 2014.
Health and Education (Human Development Index)
We often use income levels to tell us about a countries level of development, but what about people’s basic needs of health and education? The Human Development Index (HDI) combines indicators of life expectancy and educational attainment with income levels to provide a more people focused measure of a countries development. Values are expressed between 0 and 1, with a higher score indicating higher human development and a low score indicating serious development challenges facing a country’s population. In 2012, Côte d’Ivoire had the lowest HDI score of all the countries in the World Cup at 0.43 and Australia and the USA had the highest score at 0.94. All HDI values are from 2012 and were sourced from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 2013 Human Development Report.
Source: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Human Development Index (2012 Index, published as part of the 2013 report). Retrieved May 2014.
Income per head (GDP Per Capita)
We know that some countries are richer than other countries, but how much richer? GDP per capita tells us how much money an individual in a given country would earn in a year, if all the value of goods and services produced within that country were divided equally amongst the population. GDP (Gross Domestic Product) per capita varies widely around the world. In 2012, the country with the lowest GDP per capita playing in the World cup this year is Cameroon ($1,167 USD) and country with the highest income per person was Switzerland ($78,928 USD). All data presented is from the World Bank's World Development Indicators (2012 values for all countries).
Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators (2012 data). Retrieved May 2014.
Gender equality (Gender Gap Index)
We know that all over the world, the opportunities for women can be very different to that of men, but how different? The Gender Gap Index looks at a range of issues where women’s experience differs from men’s. These include basic health and education outcomes and differences in the work place and in politics. The highest possible score is 1 (equality), where women and men receive equal treatment on all measures and the lowest possible score is 0. According to the Gender Gap Index, Côte d’Ivoire and Iran have the biggest gap in gender equality of the countries playing in the World Cup (0.58) and Switzerland and Belgium are the most equal countries (0.77). All data presented is from the 2013 Global Gender Gap Report (2013 values for all countries), there is no data available for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Source: World Economic Forum, The Global Gender Gap Report. Retrieved May 2014.
Stability (Stability/Violence measure)
All countries experience violence and conflict to some degree which can damage the fabric of a nation and its institutions and can reverse development progress. But which countries are the most unstable? The Stability/Violence measure gathers information on armed conflict, violent demonstrations, social unrest, threat of terrorism, and ethnic tensions to determine how likely it is that a government will be destabilized or overthrown. Values range globally from -2.9 to 1.9, with a lower score meaning a greater risk of violence and instability. Nigeria is the most unstable country playing in the World cup scoring -2.1 and Switzerland is the most stable at 1.4. All data presented is from the World Bank Worldwide Governance Indicators (2012 data for all countries).
Source: World Bank Worldwide Governance Indicators (2012 data). Retrieved May 2014.