This is an unusual book about an unusual project in the Peruvian Amazon. It focuses on the extraordinary achievement the indigenous movement in the Upper Amazon has accomplished in establishing its own alternative health service. The work exposes a kaleidoscopic view of this fascinating process and presents the voices of the indigenous shamans, herbalists, midwives, and healers. It also gives an account of the experiences of the nurses, doctors, promoters and patients, and the aspirations of the indigenous leaders. Addressing a range of issues in rural health care, and proposing a model for successful implementation, this volume is important for international development and rural health planners, health workers, NGO staff, researchers, doctors, and indigenous leaders.