Title: Socialism Utopian and Scientific
Author: Frederick Engels
Translated by Edward Aveling, D.Sc.
with a special introduction by the author.
The present little book is, originally, a part of a larger whole. About 1875, Dr. E. Duhring, privaldocent at Berlin University, suddenly and rather clamorously announced his conversion to socialism and presented the German public not only with an elaborate Socialist theory, but also with a complete practical plan for the reorganisation of society. As a matter of course, he fell foul of his predecessors; above all, he honoured Marx by pouring out upon him the full vials of his wrath.
This took place about the time when the two sections of the Socialist party in Germany - Eisenachers and Lassallians - had just effected their fusion, and thus obtained not only an immense increase of strength, but what was more, the faculty of employing the whole of this strength against the common enemy. The Socialist party in Germany was fast becoming a power. But to make it a power, the first condition was that the newly conquered unity should not be imperilled. And Dr. Duhring openly proceeded to form around himself a sect, the nucleus of a future separate party. It thus became necessary to take up the gauntlet thrown down to us, and to fight out the struggle whether we liked it or not.
This, however, though it might not be an over difficult, was evidently a long- winded business. As is well known, we Germans are of a terribly ponderous Grundlichkeit, radical profundity or profound radicality, whatever you may like to call it. Whenever anyone of us expounds what he considers a new doctrine, he has first to elaborate it into an all comprising system. He has to prove that both the first principles of logic and the fundamental laws of the universe had existed from all eternity for no other purpose than to ultimately lead to this newly discovered, crowning theory. And D5r. Duhring, in this respect, was quite up to the national mark. Nothing less than a complete "System of Philosophy" mental, moral, natural, and historical; a complete "System of Political Economy and Socialism;" and finally a "Critical History of Political Economy" - three big volumes in octavo, heavy extrinsically and intrinsically, three army - corps of arguments mobilised against all previous philosophers and economists in general, and against Marx in particular - in fact, an attempt at a complete "revolution in science" - these were what I should have to tackle. I had to treat of all and every possible subject, from the concepts of time and space to Bimetallism; from the eternity of matter and motion to the perishable nature of moral ideas; from darwin's natural selection to the education of youth in a future society. Anyhow, the systematic comprehensiveness of my opponet gave me the opportunity of developing, in opposition to him, and in a more connected form than had previously been done, the views held by Marx and myself on this great variety of subjects. And that was the principal reason which made me undertake this otherwise ungrateful task.
The book is in good condition throughout.
The book has red boards and white lettering to the spine.
There is foxing on the page edges.
The dust jacket is in fair condition.
The dust jacket has foxing on the front cover.
There is foxing and tanning on the inside of the dust jacket.
The front endpages have tanning along the hinge.
The dust jacket has wear and tear along the outer edges.
The spine of the dust jacket has wear and tears at the upper and lower edges and there is tanning along the spine of the dust jacket.
There is a pencil inscription at the bottom corner of the inner rear end page.