This book is in good condition, with minimal creasing and faint staining visible on the dust sleeve. When the book is closed, faint dark stains are visible on the pages. The pages and spine are undamaged, with no creasing or tearing visible. The price of the book is written in pencil on the inside right cover page.
To survey is to measure. In fact, much of what the modern surveyor does involves measurements- taking them in the field, adjusting and analysing them in the office, and finalizing them for presentation. If the surveyor is to acquire, adjust, and analyse measurements intelligently, he must understand thoroughly the process of measurement. That is what this new volume is about.
Topics covered include:
Basic concepts - error, measurement, probability, and reliability.
Basic Processes - error propagation and linearisation
Adjustment - from simple procedures to the least squares method.
Probability distributions, expectation, variance and co variance, and sampling.
Pre-analysis - how propagation applies to the pre-analysis of survey measurements.
Survey statistics - sampling distributions, ellipses related to surveying.
Plane coordinate surveys - the application of least squares adjustment to plane coordinate surveys.