This is a commonly held view, but let's put it into perspective.
Per capita CO2 emissions in the UK are around three times higher than per capita emissions in India.
Chinese per capita emissions are similar to the UK, and less than half of per capita emissions in the US. However, a large amount of China's emissions come from producing goods for the West.
When we include these in our carbon footprint, i.e. when we count our consumption emissions (see above) rather than our territorial emissions, the average UK citizen is responsible for 8.5 tonnes of CO2, compared to about 6.3 tonnes for the average Chinese citizen - and has a carbon footprint roughly five times larger than the average Indian citizen.
Climate change is a global problem and all countries need to be part of the solution. However the wealthiest countries - like the UK - which have historically contributed most to climate change and have the greatest capacity to act, will be expected to lead by example.
Right now, China is trialling emissions trading schemes and has implemented plans to limit coal. The country is already the world's largest investor in renewable energy and has pledged to generate more than a third of its electricity from non-fossil sources by 2020.
India projects it will have no need to begin constructing new coal-fired power plants over the next decade, and has pledged to create 100 GW of solar power by 2022 - a move that will double the amount of solar power in the world.