Women living with their partners in the UK spend an average of two working days a month more than men on housework and childcare, according to a new Oxfam poll.
Published ahead of Mother's Day this Sunday and International Women's Day next Tuesday, the results highlight how women are still taking on the majority of household responsibilities. Globally, this unpaid work by women such as cooking, cleaning and childcare could be valued as much as $10 trillion a year - 13% of global GDP - with the world's poorest women doing the most.
Oxfam says the unfair proportion of household chores is just one example of discrimination that is holding women back around the world. Oxfam argues only when women are unlimited can poverty be undone for everyone.
The survey conducted by OnePoll questioned 2,000 UK men and women currently living with their partners. It found that on average, women spend over a quarter (28%) more time on housework and nearly a third (31%) more time on childcare than their partners.
Irrespective of income and employment status, women surveyed said that they generally do more of the domestic tasks in their households, with women in both full-time and part-time employment providing a greater share of the household responsibilities. The poll found over two thirds (67%) of women feel they do the bulk of housework compared to nearly one fifth (18%) of men. It also revealed that over a quarter of women (28%) think their partner doesn't do their fair share around the home in contrast to just seven per cent of men.
Results showed that the only tasks that men spend more time on than women are DIY and taking out the bins. These were also the tasks, along with paying/sorting household bills which men were most likely to take the majority of responsibility for, indicating that household chores are still divided along traditional gender lines. Laundry is the domestic task with the biggest disparity of time spent between the sexes, with women spending an additional 54 per cent of time on this compared to men.
Oxfam's Head of UK Policy and Campaigns, Sally Copley, said "Despite huge social changes in the UK, women are still taking on the bulk of household chores and childcare, juggling their multiple responsibilities, often with little financial reward. This is just a glimpse of the ongoing inequality women around the world face - an inequality which is far starker and debilitating for those living in the world's poorest communities.
"We must all play our part to free women from inequality so they can improve their lives and we can move closer to winning the fight against poverty for all."
The sheer volume of unpaid work holds women back because of the time involved. Women in poorer countries face even higher inequality in care work because a lack of infrastructure, technology and public services means they spend more time in their day looking after their home and family. In Sub-Saharan Africa, women spend 5 billion hours a year collecting water because there are often no water sources nearby.
Oxfam says that public services like universal healthcare and access to water and electricity are some of the most direct and effective ways to redistribute the heavy workload of care away from women in the poorest countries. The introduction of and improvement of maternity and paternity leave, as well as sick pay and pensions would also provide the necessary support and flexibility to address the imbalance.
More generally, Oxfam has seen that access to decent employment, health and education, freedom from violence and participation in decision making not only improves women and girls' life chances but also benefits their children, lifts whole households out of poverty and increases the productivity of entire economies.
While progress has been made, the pace is too slow. At the current rate, it will take 118 years for the gender pay gap around the world to be closed. The average global pay gap is 24% while in the UK, men on average earn 13.9% more than women.
For more information, contact Sophie Bowell, firstname.lastname@example.org / +44 (0)7810 814980; Lucy Brinicombe, email@example.com / +44 (0)7786 110054 or Kai Tabacek firstname.lastname@example.org / +44 (0)7584 265 077
For more details on Oxfam's women's inequality work visit www.oxfam.org.uk/women
Notes to editors
Download high-resolution photos of Oxfam's work with women around the world here.
The McKinsey Global Institute's The Growth of Parity: How advancing women's equality can add £12 trillion to global growth states that on conservative calculations, unpaid care work carried out by women is worth $10 trillion a year - an amount that it roughly equivalent to 13 per cent of global GDP. According to this report, women in Sub-Saharan
Africa collectively spend 16 million hours a day collecting water. This means that they spend more than 5 billion hours a year. At the current rate of progress it will take 118 years to achieve economic equality between men and women, according to the World Economic Forum. The average global gender pay gap is 24 per cent, according to UN Women. The average pay gap between men and women in the UK,
based on average hourly earnings is 13.9 per cent, according to the Workplace Gender Equality Agency.
For Mother's Day, Oxfam shops are selling fair-trade Mother's Day cards made by women's co-operatives, as well as a range of gifts for mums, including Fairtrade chocolate, Oxfam Unwrapped gifts and donated treasures.
International Women's Day - Oxfam events:
Oxfam Presents: Women Stand Up
Tuesday 8 March 2016, Leicester Square Theatre, London
For the first time Oxfam is hosting Women Stand Up featuring some of the UK's funniest comedians including Luisa Omielan, Tiff Stevenson, Shazia Mirza, Zoe Lyons, Mae Martin and Lou Sanders. Tickets cost £20 and all sales will all go to help fund Oxfam's work with women: fighting poverty, combating violence against women and girls, and supporting women to gain their rights. www.oxfam.org.uk/womenstandup
Oxfam Photography Exhibition: Women Unlimited
8-13 March 2016, 11am-6pm (free entry), Old Truman Brewery, London
Oxfam has teamed up with acclaimed photo agency Magnum Photos for the exhibition 'Women Unlimited' to highlight Oxfam's work with women around the world. Curated by Lauren Heinz, the exhibition features images from leading female Magnum photographers Bieke Depoorter, Cristina Garcia Rodero, Olivia Arthur, Newsha Tavakolian who visited Oxfam projects in Chad, Armenia, Sri Lanka and Wales. The result is a remarkable collection of stories - and a stark reminder of women's unlimited potential to end poverty.
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