Syria's neighbours are struggling to cope with the influx of refugees. Lebanon now has the highest per capita concentration of refugees worldwide with more than 1 million people making up approximately 25 percent of the population.
In 2015, Oxfam reached more than 46,000 people (70% Syrian refugees and 30% Jordanians) in Jordan and over 85,000 people in Lebanon with clean drinking water or cash and relief supplies. We are also helping families get the information they need about their rights, connecting them to services such as legal aid, as well as working on sanitation. Piped water schemes are being developed for Jordan's Zaatari camp and Zarqa Governorate, as well as in the Bekaa Valley in Lebanon. In both countries, Oxfam is planning on supporting refugees and vulnerable families from local
Oxfam's response in Lebanon
Oxfam has reached more than 250,000 vulnerable people in Lebanon. Our response has included:
- Providing 3,200 hygiene kits (accompanied by hygiene promotion and awareness sessions), toilet cleaning kits, and 840 environmental cleaning kits, and distributing household, communal and municipal waste bins.
- Building and repairing over 1,100 toilets, ensuring that each is shared by no more than 20 people.
- Installing over 720 water tanks in communal areas.
- Delivering 10 million litres of water through water trucking, providing refugees with clean water for drinking, cooking and washing.
- Constructing or repairing 70 shared bathing facilities, and providing families with jerry cans and water storage containers.
Oxfam's response in Jordan
Oxfam is working in Zaatari refugee camp, Jordan's fourth largest 'city', to address water needs among other things. We currently help nearly 25,000 camp residents, and are working with partners on constructing a water network throughout the camp that will address the needs of all 80,000 people who live there.
Oxfam currently works in three of Za'atari's 12 districts, supervising water and sanitation, refuse management and the cleaning and maintenance of wash blocks, we also co-ordinate hygiene promotion activities. In addition, together with UNICEF and other international actors, we are installing a water network in the camp, which will ensure refugees have safe access to water. We have:
- Constructed more than 300 septic tanks for better waste management
- Installed 75 private toilets for vulnerable families
- Built a water tank at the Syrian border to give 45,000 people there access to water.
Oxfam's response in Syria
Oxfam has had an office inside Syria since July 2013, responding alongside other agencies to the urgent need for clean water. An estimated 35% of water treatment plants in Syria have been damaged during the conflict and there are concerns over water contamination.
Since 2013 Oxfam has helped ensure 2.8 million people have access to clean, safe water, by:
- Making sure the local water systems run
- Installing water tanks in schools and teaching the children good hygiene
- Improving sewage systems.
We have brought two water treatment plants back on-line using multiple truck-sized generators, capable of continuously pumping more than 700,000 extra litres of water per hour - enough to deliver safe water to around 500,000 people in Damascus city and the surrounding province (Rif Damascus).
Oxfam have installed sanitation facilities for 1,200 people living in unfinished buildings in Aleppo and hygiene promotion including distribution of hygiene kits to more than 30,000 people) in Rural Damascus.
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Oxfam's campaigning work
As the conflict has escalated in Syria, we have not only increased our humanitarian work across the region, we have also vigorously campaigned for:
- The rights of all people affected by the crisis and to ensure that their voices are heard
- The delivery of a strong humanitarian response in Syria and the wider region
- Governments around the world to use their influence to find a political solution to the crisis.
We work with partners and with people affected to lobby governments, and to raise the profile of the crisis in the media and other avenues.
Read more about the #WithSyria campaign.