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Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya people have crossed over to Bangladesh, fleeing violence. This is a large scale and escalating humanitarian crisis.
They are living in terrible conditions and need life-saving assistance now. The monsoons have begun and as many as 200,000 people are in at risk areas.
Oxfam is responding now, providing clean water and other essential supplies.
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Last updated: 14/08/18
Sameera, a seven year-old Rohingya girl holds her younger brother Omar, who is seven months, in front of their temporary shelter in one of the camps in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.
Urgent action is needed to help Rohingya refugees hit by monsoon rains in camps in Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh, which have already caused over 130 landslides, damaged 3,300 shelters and affected 28,000 people, Oxfam said today.
Rohingya refugees interviewed by Oxfam in Bangladesh say they will not go back to Myanmar until their safety can be guaranteed and they have equal rights, including being able to work and travel freely. Many - especially women - were deeply traumatised... Read more
Close to a million Rohingya people have fled unimaginable atrocities in Myanmar to seek refuge in Bangladesh. More than 700,000 have arrived since August 2017, and people are still arriving.
The main camp is now the largest refugee camp in the world with over 600,000 refugees. The conditions in the camps remain poor and there are concerns around flooding and disease in the monsoon season which is starting.
The monsoons have begun and as many as 200,000 Rohingya are in at risk areas. The concern is not just the destruction of shelter and lives but that full or poorly-constructed latrines are at risk of polluting the flood water and water sources
Water supply, water purification, and storage facilities are needed immediately. Due to the inadequate sanitation facilities, there's a high probability for the spread of waterborne diseases.
Laila* arrived on Shah Porir Dwip island on 30 September with her two young children. She initially spent the night taking shelter in a local school before travelling by boat to mainland Bangladesh. (* Name changed)
Tommy Trenchard / Oxfam
We currently have a team of 146 people in Cox's Bazar - 120 of whom are Bangladeshi - working hard to provide emergency aid in a $25 million response. This is currently Oxfam's third biggest humanitarian program - after Yemen and Ethiopia.
We're helping people stay healthy by installing water points, toilets and showers, and distributing soap and other essentials like sanitary cloths. We have recruited more than 300 Rohingya volunteers to help us train 11,000 refugees about the importance of good hygiene.
We're installing a large sewage facility to process the waste of 50,000 people, which will rise to 100,000. To help local communities cope with water shortages, we are providing around 385,000 litres of chlorinated water daily in the Teknaf area.
We're providing almost 24,000 households with vouchers that can be exchanged at local markets for fresh vegetables and ingredients to supplement their basic rations - the 13 items available include spinach, potatoes, eggs, dried fish and spices.
We have installed solar-powered lights around the camp and provided torches and portable solar lanterns so that refugees - especially women - feel safer leaving their shelters after dark to reach water points and toilets. We have worked with refugees to design new toilets and wash rooms that afford more safety and privacy and are more suited to their needs. We're also supplying fabric and vouchers for tailors - many refugees arrived with only the clothes they were wearing.
To help refugees move from low-lying land to safer ground, Oxfam is supporting the UN to expand the giant Ukhiya camp and the smaller camp at Teknaf, by building water and sanitation infrastructure, tube wells, water piping and latrines.
Oxfam has built more than 210 deep tube wells and 412 shallow tube wells which help to prevent water being contaminated after a heavy rain fall and leading to an outbreak of disease. We've also built a large sewage treatment plant, decommissioned 30,000 full pit toilets, and installed new longer-lasting toilets - including with tiger worms in the sceptic tanks to compost the waste.
15 tonnes of vital water and sanitation equipment was loaded onto trucks at the Oxfam Supply Centre in Bicester on 22 September.
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